MenuTrigger

The MenuTrigger serves as a wrapper around a Menu and its associated trigger, linking the Menu's open state with the trigger's press state.

installyarn add @adobe/react-spectrum
version3.6.4
usageimport {MenuTrigger, Menu} from '@adobe/react-spectrum'

Example#


<MenuTrigger>
  <ActionButton>
    Edit
  </ActionButton>
  <Menu>
    <Item>Cut</Item>
    <Item>Copy</Item>
    <Item>Paste</Item>
  </Menu>
</MenuTrigger>
<MenuTrigger>
  <ActionButton>
    Edit
  </ActionButton>
  <Menu>
    <Item>Cut</Item>
    <Item>Copy</Item>
    <Item>Paste</Item>
  </Menu>
</MenuTrigger>
<MenuTrigger>
  <ActionButton>
    Edit
  </ActionButton>
  <Menu>
    <Item>Cut</Item>
    <Item>Copy</Item>
    <Item>Paste</Item>
  </Menu>
</MenuTrigger>

Content#


The MenuTrigger accepts exactly two children: the element which triggers the opening of the Menu and the Menu itself. The trigger element must be the first child passed into the MenuTrigger and should support press events.

Events#


MenuTrigger accepts an onOpenChange handler which is triggered whenever the Menu is opened or closed.

function Example() {
  let [isOpen, setIsOpen] = React.useState(false);

  return (
    <Flex gap="size-100" alignItems="center">
      <MenuTrigger onOpenChange={setIsOpen}>
        <ActionButton>
            Edit
        </ActionButton>
        <Menu>
          <Item key="cut">Cut</Item>
          <Item key="copy">Copy</Item>
          <Item key="paste">Paste</Item>
        </Menu>
      </MenuTrigger>
      <div>Currently open: {isOpen.toString()}</div>
    </Flex>
  );
}
function Example() {
  let [isOpen, setIsOpen] = React.useState(false);

  return (
    <Flex gap="size-100" alignItems="center">
      <MenuTrigger onOpenChange={setIsOpen}>
        <ActionButton>
            Edit
        </ActionButton>
        <Menu>
          <Item key="cut">Cut</Item>
          <Item key="copy">Copy</Item>
          <Item key="paste">Paste</Item>
        </Menu>
      </MenuTrigger>
      <div>Currently open: {isOpen.toString()}</div>
    </Flex>
  );
}
function Example() {
  let [
    isOpen,
    setIsOpen
  ] = React.useState(
    false
  );

  return (
    <Flex
      gap="size-100"
      alignItems="center"
    >
      <MenuTrigger
        onOpenChange={setIsOpen}
      >
        <ActionButton>
          Edit
        </ActionButton>
        <Menu>
          <Item key="cut">
            Cut
          </Item>
          <Item key="copy">
            Copy
          </Item>
          <Item key="paste">
            Paste
          </Item>
        </Menu>
      </MenuTrigger>
      <div>
        Currently open:
        {' '}
        {isOpen
          .toString()}
      </div>
    </Flex>
  );
}

Long press#


By default, a MenuTrigger's Menu is opened by pressing the trigger element or activating it via the Space or Enter keys. However, there may be cases in which your trigger element should perform a separate default action on press such as selection, and should only display the Menu when long pressed. This behavior can be changed by providing "longPress" to the trigger prop. With this prop, the Menu will only be opened upon pressing and holding the trigger element or by using the Option (Alt on Windows) + Down Arrow/Up Arrow keys while focusing the trigger element.

The example below illustrates how one would setup a MenuTrigger to have long press behavior.

import {Text} from '@adobe/react-spectrum';
import CloneStamp from '@spectrum-icons/workflow/CloneStamp';
import Crop from '@spectrum-icons/workflow/Crop';
import CropRotate from '@spectrum-icons/workflow/CropRotate';
import Slice from '@spectrum-icons/workflow/Slice';

<MenuTrigger trigger="longPress">
  <ActionButton aria-label="Crop tool" onPress={() => alert('Cropping!')}>
    <Crop />
  </ActionButton>
  <Menu>
    <Item textValue="Crop Rotate">
      <CropRotate />
      <Text>Crop Rotate</Text>
    </Item>
    <Item textValue="Slice">
      <Slice />
      <Text>Slice</Text>
    </Item>
    <Item textValue="Clone stamp">
      <CloneStamp />
      <Text>Clone Stamp</Text>
    </Item>
  </Menu>
</MenuTrigger>
import {Text} from '@adobe/react-spectrum';
import CloneStamp from '@spectrum-icons/workflow/CloneStamp';
import Crop from '@spectrum-icons/workflow/Crop';
import CropRotate from '@spectrum-icons/workflow/CropRotate';
import Slice from '@spectrum-icons/workflow/Slice';

<MenuTrigger trigger="longPress">
  <ActionButton
    aria-label="Crop tool"
    onPress={() => alert('Cropping!')}
  >
    <Crop />
  </ActionButton>
  <Menu>
    <Item textValue="Crop Rotate">
      <CropRotate />
      <Text>Crop Rotate</Text>
    </Item>
    <Item textValue="Slice">
      <Slice />
      <Text>Slice</Text>
    </Item>
    <Item textValue="Clone stamp">
      <CloneStamp />
      <Text>Clone Stamp</Text>
    </Item>
  </Menu>
</MenuTrigger>
import {Text} from '@adobe/react-spectrum';
import CloneStamp from '@spectrum-icons/workflow/CloneStamp';
import Crop from '@spectrum-icons/workflow/Crop';
import CropRotate from '@spectrum-icons/workflow/CropRotate';
import Slice from '@spectrum-icons/workflow/Slice';

<MenuTrigger trigger="longPress">
  <ActionButton
    aria-label="Crop tool"
    onPress={() =>
      alert(
        'Cropping!'
      )}
  >
    <Crop />
  </ActionButton>
  <Menu>
    <Item textValue="Crop Rotate">
      <CropRotate />
      <Text>
        Crop Rotate
      </Text>
    </Item>
    <Item textValue="Slice">
      <Slice />
      <Text>
        Slice
      </Text>
    </Item>
    <Item textValue="Clone stamp">
      <CloneStamp />
      <Text>
        Clone Stamp
      </Text>
    </Item>
  </Menu>
</MenuTrigger>

Props#


NameTypeDefaultDescription
childrenReactElement[]The contents of the MenuTrigger - a trigger and a Menu.
triggerMenuTriggerType'press'How the menu is triggered.
alignAlignment'start'Alignment of the menu relative to the trigger.
direction'bottom''top''left''right''start''end''bottom'Where the Menu opens relative to its trigger.
closeOnSelectbooleantrueWhether the Menu closes when a selection is made.
shouldFlipbooleantrueWhether the menu should automatically flip direction when space is limited.
isOpenbooleanWhether the overlay is open by default (controlled).
defaultOpenbooleanWhether the overlay is open by default (uncontrolled).
Events
NameTypeDefaultDescription
onOpenChange( (isOpen: boolean )) => voidHandler that is called when the overlay's open state changes.

Visual options#


Align and direction#

View guidelines

The align prop aligns the Menu relative to the trigger and the direction prop controls the direction the Menu will render.

<Flex gap="size-100">
  <MenuTrigger align="start">
    <ActionButton>Edit</ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="cut">Cut</Item>
      <Item key="copy">Copy</Item>
      <Item key="paste">Paste</Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
  <MenuTrigger align="end" direction="top" shouldFlip={false}>
    <ActionButton>View</ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="side">Side bar</Item>
      <Item key="options">Page options</Item>
      <Item key="edit">Edit Panel</Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
  <MenuTrigger direction="start" align="start">
    <ActionButton>Edit</ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="cut">Cut</Item>
      <Item key="copy">Copy</Item>
      <Item key="paste">Paste</Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
  <MenuTrigger direction="end" align="end">
    <ActionButton>View</ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="side">Side bar</Item>
      <Item key="options">Page options</Item>
      <Item key="edit">Edit Panel</Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
</Flex>
<Flex gap="size-100">
  <MenuTrigger align="start">
    <ActionButton>Edit</ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="cut">Cut</Item>
      <Item key="copy">Copy</Item>
      <Item key="paste">Paste</Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
  <MenuTrigger
    align="end"
    direction="top"
    shouldFlip={false}
  >
    <ActionButton>View</ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="side">Side bar</Item>
      <Item key="options">Page options</Item>
      <Item key="edit">Edit Panel</Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
  <MenuTrigger direction="start" align="start">
    <ActionButton>Edit</ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="cut">Cut</Item>
      <Item key="copy">Copy</Item>
      <Item key="paste">Paste</Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
  <MenuTrigger direction="end" align="end">
    <ActionButton>View</ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="side">Side bar</Item>
      <Item key="options">Page options</Item>
      <Item key="edit">Edit Panel</Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
</Flex>
<Flex gap="size-100">
  <MenuTrigger align="start">
    <ActionButton>
      Edit
    </ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="cut">
        Cut
      </Item>
      <Item key="copy">
        Copy
      </Item>
      <Item key="paste">
        Paste
      </Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
  <MenuTrigger
    align="end"
    direction="top"
    shouldFlip={false}
  >
    <ActionButton>
      View
    </ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="side">
        Side bar
      </Item>
      <Item key="options">
        Page options
      </Item>
      <Item key="edit">
        Edit Panel
      </Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
  <MenuTrigger
    direction="start"
    align="start"
  >
    <ActionButton>
      Edit
    </ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="cut">
        Cut
      </Item>
      <Item key="copy">
        Copy
      </Item>
      <Item key="paste">
        Paste
      </Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
  <MenuTrigger
    direction="end"
    align="end"
  >
    <ActionButton>
      View
    </ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="side">
        Side bar
      </Item>
      <Item key="options">
        Page options
      </Item>
      <Item key="edit">
        Edit Panel
      </Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
</Flex>

Close on selection#

By default, the Menu closes when an item is selected. To change this, set the closeOnSelect prop to false. This might be useful when multiple selection is used. See menu selection for more information.

<MenuTrigger closeOnSelect={false}>
  <ActionButton>
    View
  </ActionButton>
  <Menu selectionMode="multiple">
    <Item key="side">Side bar</Item>
    <Item key="options">Page options</Item>
    <Item key="edit">Edit Panel</Item>
  </Menu>
</MenuTrigger>
<MenuTrigger closeOnSelect={false}>
  <ActionButton>
    View
  </ActionButton>
  <Menu selectionMode="multiple">
    <Item key="side">Side bar</Item>
    <Item key="options">Page options</Item>
    <Item key="edit">Edit Panel</Item>
  </Menu>
</MenuTrigger>
<MenuTrigger
  closeOnSelect={false}
>
  <ActionButton>
    View
  </ActionButton>
  <Menu selectionMode="multiple">
    <Item key="side">
      Side bar
    </Item>
    <Item key="options">
      Page options
    </Item>
    <Item key="edit">
      Edit Panel
    </Item>
  </Menu>
</MenuTrigger>

Flipping#

By default, the Menu flips direction automatically upon opening when space is limited. To change this, set the shouldFlip prop to false. Try scrolling the viewport close to the edge of the trigger in the example to see this in action.

<Flex gap="size-100">
  <MenuTrigger shouldFlip>
    <ActionButton>
      View
    </ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="side">Side bar</Item>
      <Item key="options">Page options</Item>
      <Item key="edit">Edit Panel</Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
  <MenuTrigger shouldFlip={false}>
    <ActionButton>
      Edit
    </ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="cut">Cut</Item>
      <Item key="copy">Copy</Item>
      <Item key="paste">Paste</Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
</Flex>
<Flex gap="size-100">
  <MenuTrigger shouldFlip>
    <ActionButton>
      View
    </ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="side">Side bar</Item>
      <Item key="options">Page options</Item>
      <Item key="edit">Edit Panel</Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
  <MenuTrigger shouldFlip={false}>
    <ActionButton>
      Edit
    </ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="cut">Cut</Item>
      <Item key="copy">Copy</Item>
      <Item key="paste">Paste</Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
</Flex>
<Flex gap="size-100">
  <MenuTrigger
    shouldFlip
  >
    <ActionButton>
      View
    </ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="side">
        Side bar
      </Item>
      <Item key="options">
        Page options
      </Item>
      <Item key="edit">
        Edit Panel
      </Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
  <MenuTrigger
    shouldFlip={false}
  >
    <ActionButton>
      Edit
    </ActionButton>
    <Menu>
      <Item key="cut">
        Cut
      </Item>
      <Item key="copy">
        Copy
      </Item>
      <Item key="paste">
        Paste
      </Item>
    </Menu>
  </MenuTrigger>
</Flex>

Open#

The isOpen and defaultOpen props on the MenuTrigger control whether the Menu is open by default. They apply controlled and uncontrolled behavior on the Menu respectively.

function Example() {
  let [open, setOpen] = React.useState(false);
  let [selection, setSelection] = React.useState('');

  return (
    <MenuTrigger
      isOpen={open}
      onOpenChange={setOpen}
      onSelectionChange={setSelection}>
      <ActionButton>
        View
      </ActionButton>
      <Menu selectionMode="multiple">
        <Item key="side">Side bar</Item>
        <Item key="options">Page options</Item>
        <Item key="edit">Edit Panel</Item>
      </Menu>
    </MenuTrigger>
  );
}
function Example() {
  let [open, setOpen] = React.useState(false);
  let [selection, setSelection] = React.useState('');

  return (
    <MenuTrigger
      isOpen={open}
      onOpenChange={setOpen}
      onSelectionChange={setSelection}>
      <ActionButton>
        View
      </ActionButton>
      <Menu selectionMode="multiple">
        <Item key="side">Side bar</Item>
        <Item key="options">Page options</Item>
        <Item key="edit">Edit Panel</Item>
      </Menu>
    </MenuTrigger>
  );
}
function Example() {
  let [open, setOpen] =
    React.useState(
      false
    );
  let [
    selection,
    setSelection
  ] = React.useState('');

  return (
    <MenuTrigger
      isOpen={open}
      onOpenChange={setOpen}
      onSelectionChange={setSelection}
    >
      <ActionButton>
        View
      </ActionButton>
      <Menu selectionMode="multiple">
        <Item key="side">
          Side bar
        </Item>
        <Item key="options">
          Page options
        </Item>
        <Item key="edit">
          Edit Panel
        </Item>
      </Menu>
    </MenuTrigger>
  );
}